The Second (1904-1914) and the Third Aliyah (1919-1923)

Published: 18th February 2011
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The fulfillment of Aliyah was one of the major objectives of Zionism and is deeply anchored in Judaism. The concept of Aliyah was derived from the Biblical image of the Jews in the Diaspora (exiled) who, as individuals or groups, were arriving and returning to live in Eretz Yisrael (Land of Israel). The modern usage of Aliyah refers to the absorption of Jews from other parts of the world into the mainstream Jewish society in Israel. Aliyah originally signified "ascension" or "going up" of the children of Israel to Egyp. Later in history, Aliyah came to signify the return of the children of Israel to their homeland from captivity in Babylon. Today, the term "Aliyah" simply means the migration of Jews to Eretz Yisrael (Land of Israel).

The earliest wave of Jews who returned to Eretz Yisrael dates back to the Biblical times when the Kingdom of Judah fell apart and approximately 50,000 Jews returned to their homeland from the Babylonian exile. Afterwards, history witnessed a number of occasions when Jews returned to the Land of Israel after being expelled from it.

The period of second Aliyah of recent times was from 1904 to 1914, when about 40,000 Jews immigrated to Palestine also from Russia. However, the major factor driving Aliyah during these years was because of the outbreak of pogroms (riots) due to the rise of anti-Semitism feelings in Russia. It was during this period that the suburb of Jaffa, Ahuzat Bayit was established, and later on grew into what is Tel Aviv City today. It was also during this time when Hebrew was revived as the national language in Israel.

When the First World War ended, a group of 40,000 Jews from the Russian Empire arrived in Palestine from the period of 1919 to 1923. This Aliyah, the third one, was different than the earlier ones as the migration during this time was influenced by the Zionist motivations of setting up a Jewish homeland in the lands of Palestine. As mentioned earlier, it was during this time when Great Britain conquered Palestine from the Ottoman Empire and Sir Arthur James Balfour issued the Balfour declaration showing British support for the creation of the Jewish homeland in Palestine.

Sara works for Hilal Plaza that provides Islamic clothing , Hijab & Quran

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